the objective of the spanish missions in texas was

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-- The Missions Today -- The Alamo, a Texas shrine since the war for Texas independence, is today a visitor's center and museum of early Texas artifacts. By 1750, there were more than twenty Spanish missions in Texas. Mission Espada features a very attractive chapel, along with an unusual door and stone entrance archway. Besides converting Native Texans to the Catholic faith, one main purpose of the missions was to teach Native Texans to be loyal subjects of Spain. Mission San Clemente is known as the first Spanish mission in Texas, although there were actually two different missions built on the same location, more than 50 years apart. A. San Antonio Missions. (Last Privacy Policy Update July 2020), Byways & Historic Trails – Great Drives in America, Soldiers and Officers in American History, Mission Nuestra Señora de la Bahía del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga, Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña, San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, Mission Santa Cruz de San Sabá and Presidio San Luis de las Amarillas, Mission Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción del Pueblo de Socorro, Mission Corpus Christi de San Antonio de la Ysleta Sur. Mission definition is ... a preestablished and often self-imposed objective or purpose statement of the company's mission. A Spanish friar described an area along the San Antonio river, “The best site in the world, with good and abundant irrigation water, rich lands for pasture, plentiful building stone, and excellent timber.” Inhabitants of the mission were expected to maintain and cultivate crops and cattle in … Search This wiki This wiki All wikis | Sign In Don't have an account? The goal was to establish autonomous Christian towns with communal property, labor, worship, political life, and social relations all supervised by the missionaries. • This study set covers information about how and why the Spanish built missions in Texas, how the missions functioned, and what the missions' fates were, along with important vocabulary words associated with the missions and information about the seven most important missions built. Most visited articles Project maintenance. Mission San Jose, San Antonio, Texas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander. San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas Setting the Stage . (2 points) The Spanish thought it brought them more wealth and power. 1718. The complexes were built in the early eighteenth century and as a group they illustrate the Spanish Crown’s efforts to colonize, evangelize and defend the northern frontier of New Spain. a year ago. The goal of the Franciscan friars was to spread the Catholic faith by converting the native Indians. This was the founding of the city of San Antonio, the most significant Texas settlement of the Spanish era. Thus, the town of Nacogdoches was established in 1779 and the area around former Mission Dolores was occupied by Spanish settlers. TBH Lesson Plan. Spanish Establish East Texas Missions. Eight years later, the Spanish built a mission in eastern Texas. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Between 1632 and 1793, Spanish friars traveled north from Mexico into present-day Texas, where they built dozens of missions and presidios (military forts). The missions were managed by friars from the order of St. Francis – the Franciscans — and were placed in lands that had been home to Native Americans for thousands of years. 5.0 out of 5 stars he Spanish Missions Of Texas. It also had a wealth of resources at the … ish mission in Texas. A Day in the Life of a Spanish Missionary, National Park Service Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Examine important issues related to the establishment of Catholic missions in Texas. The Spanish Colonial era in Texas began with a system of missions and presidios, designed to spread Christianity and to establish control over the region. Year that East Texas missions were relocated to San Antonio. It’s mild climate and resources—clear springs and streams, fertile soil, and diverse game animals—were a powerful attractant to the Spaniards much as it pulled native peoples to the area for thousands of years before. However, there are several others that are well preserved and/or restored and are open to visitors. Seeking to make life within mission communities closely resemble that of Spanish villages and Spanish culture, the priests not only taught the Indians religion but also new life skills. Objective: The student will experience life in a Spanish mission as a Native American. Franciscans carried out the mission efforts among the Indians of Texas. Mission status made participating natives wards of the State instead of citizens of the empire. French soldiers from Louisiana seize a Spanish mission near present day Macodoches. Analyze why Spanish colonists came to Texas. We use cookies. MISSIONS AND PRESIDIOS OF TEXAS(Under spain) MISSIONS were built by Spain to establish control of what is now Texas Spread Catholicism to the native population. This study and its related student exercises address several objectives of the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills ... a primary objective of the Spanish mission system in North America was to hold territory for Spain as part of its colonizing efforts. Although most of these missions fell short of their goal, several had relative success and grew into thriving settlements that are some of the state’s most important cities today. 7th grade. Missions were a major part of Spain's plan to establish and manage a colonial frontier in what is now the American Southwest. Save. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. a year ago. Add new page. Find answers now! Dolores protected the 1716 missions in East Texas and served as a listening post on the French. Eight years later, the Spanish built a mission in eastern Texas. Spanish Missions in Texas and California Collection, 1691-1825, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin. The famed Texas cattle industry was started by Spanish missionaries, who brought the first cattle from Mexico. Verified Purchase. A list of the Spanish missions in Texas, their founding dates, locations, and status. The Missions Initiative proposes a binational collaborative effort to protect and promote Spanish Colonial Mission sites in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Daily Life in Spanish Texas Missions How people lived in colonial Texas 1716-1830 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. by … Photo by Kathy Weiser-Alexander. Select all that apply. Life in the Spanish Missions of San Antonio. This graphic organizer shows information about the East Texas Indians. A Sam Houston became president B Texas became a u.s. territory C James Polk became president D Texas wrote a new constitution 2.Which of the following images . Free shipping for many products! e The Spanish missions in the Americas were Catholic missions established by the Spanish Empire during the 16th to 19th centuries in the period of the Spanish Colonization of the Americas. What is significant about the establishment of mission san francisco de los tejas. Show More Show Less 2 of 34 1. What is the time period known as that included missions and presidios? SPANISH CONQUISTADORS and MISSIONS OF TEXAS INTRODUCTION The purpose of a mission was to convert Native Americans to Christianity. The San Antonio Missions are a group of five frontier mission complexes situated along a 12.4-kilometer (7.7-mile) stretch of the San Antonio River basin in southern Texas. Texas State Historical Association Spanish Missions in Texas Map, courtesy National Park Service. Chief among the natural resources sought by the Spanish was gold, and a major goal of Spain was then securing new sources of that most precious of metals. 0. Spanish Missions in Texas DRAFT. 212 times. Who was the founder of the Spanish missions in Texas and when was the first Spanish mission in Texas started? Then, as Spanish citizens, the communities could be incorporated into ordinary colonial society. From early structures in El Paso to later woodland sanctuaries in East Texas, these missions anchored communities and, in many cases, still serve them today. Alonso de Leon/Father Damian Massanet These two men men were on an expedition - the first one in Texas specifically for Christian evangelization. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Edit. 1 of 34 Click ahead to learn about the park's history and significance. Spain's reaction to the "Chicken War" Builds the Presidio San Jose in San Antonio and greatly increases the amount of troops in Texas. Why are there three different names underneath the word "Caddo"? Reviewed in the United States on May 16, 2013. With this lesson plan, your students are going to learn about the role of Spanish missions in the history of Texas. Year that Mission San Jose was completed in San Antonio. 1 Questions & Answers Place. kristennrichards_93946. Spanish explorers first visited the site, then a camp of the Payaya Indians, in 1691. Some even continue to operate as Catholic churches. Your IP: 104.236.43.133 founded missions in Texas, including Mission San Jose, the most successful mission in Texas. In all, 26 missions were established and maintained in Texas with greatly varying results. ... founded Mission San Francisco de los Tejas which was the first Spanish mission in East Texas, although it would ultimately fail. As early as 1690, when the Spanish first ventured into the Piney Woods of East Texas, they antagonized the Apaches: Not only did the Spanish build two missions among the Caddoan tribes of the area, they also aided the Caddoes in battles against the Apaches. Daily life followed a highly organized routine of prayer, work, training, meals, and relaxation, punctuated by frequent religious holidays and celebrations. It was the first major step in settling what would be Spanish Texas. The tumultuous times between 1800 and 1814 resulted in a much reduced Spanish population in East Texas. Carmel Parish. 70% average accuracy. Popular pages. The insurgents captured Nacogdoches, La Bahía, and San Antonio and executed a number of Spanish prisoners, including the governor of Texas, before being defeated. The Spanish Missions in Texas are religious outposts established by Spanish priests and colonial authorities to spread the Catholic doctrine among Native Americans. Mission Nuestra Señora de la Bahía del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Goliad State Park and Historic Site Goliad, Texas Coordinates: 28.655422,-97.388459 #TravelSpanishMissions Discover Our Shared Heritage Spanish Colonial Missions of the Southwest Travel Itinerary Between 1632 and 1793, Spanish friars travelled north from Mexico into the area that is now the state of Texas, where they built dozens of missions and presidios (military forts). Compiled by Kathy Weiser-Alexander, May 2019. Missions Spread and Fail In 1682 the Spanish built their first mission, Ysleta, in what is now Texas near El Paso. It was led by Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo It retook East Texas from France and reoccupied old missions It established a presidio which became the unofficial Spanish capital of Texas: Los Adaes It strengthened French and Spanish trading and promoted peace between the two nations Written for the Pope and Spanish king, his Memorial of 1630, and a revised version in 1634 were published in five languages before the end of 17th century. They introduced European livestock, fruits, vegetables, and industry into the Texas area. These missions are Concepción, San Juan, and Espada. PRESIDIOS military outpost; built by Spain to protect the Missions. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Which Spanish settlement tried to … 1782. - To protect human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law; - … The Spanish mission was a frontier institution that sought to incorporate indigenous people into the Spanish colonial empire, its Catholic religion, and certain aspects of its Hispanic culture through the formal establishment or recognition of sedentary Indian communities entrusted to the tutelage of missionaries under the protection and control of the Spanish state. Conquistadors were Spanish conquers of Mexico and Peru. ... Mission purpose. (GOD, Gold, Glory) Populate Texas People living in the Missions were religious officials such as fathers, monks. Instead they settled around the abandoned Mission Guadalupe for the Nacogdoches. Explain how the Spanish mission system implemented in Texas was actually an outgrowth of the Reconquest of Iberia centuries earlier. San Cristóbal, 1715 10. The intermingling of church and state was a legacy of Spain’s own long struggle to push Islam out of the Iberian Peninsula and to re-establish a homogeneous Christian faith and culture there. Wikipedia, Your email address will not be published. 278,241 Pages. In History. In 1716 Domingo Ramón moved the mission to Bowles Creek and reestablished it as Nuestro Padre San Francisco de los Tejas. History. It retook East Texas from France and reoccupied old missions It established a presidio which became the unofficial Spanish capital of Texas: Los Adaes It strengthened French and Spanish trading and promoted peace between the two nations Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. The parish was established in 1682 and the mission completed in 1692. The last Texas mission was established in 1793. Links to detail pages for each mission. World History. A mendicant order of friars, preferring practical application of their beliefs to theological debate, the Franciscans served the Church as protectors of the Indians. Objective & Mission The objective of Region VII is to provide a safe work environment for the state officials and employees within the Capitol Complex, protect state grounds and property, assist visitors, regulate parking, control traffic, and to investigate criminal activity occurring within its' boundaries. That heritage can still be found across Texas, behind weathered stone ruins and in the pews of ornate, immaculately maintained naves. At the heart of the mission system, of course, was the desire of the clergy and many of the lay people of the Roman Catholic faith to convert the Indians of America away from their pagan religions to Christianity. When the Spanish left the area, many of the missions were abandoned, fell into ruins, and the location of some of them were lost over time. Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe seeks to develop throughout Europe common and democratic principles based on the European Convention on Human Rights and other reference texts on the protection of individuals. Year that San Antonio was founded by Spanish colonists. Martín Enríquez, fourth viceroy of New Spain (1568–80), is generally credited with originating the presidios of the Southwest. The oldest of the El Paso mission churches is the Ysleta Mission, located in the community of Ysleta within the city limits of El Paso and part of Our Lady of Mt. A friar is a Catholic priest. The Spanish authorities wanted to exte… Presidios were forts built to protect missions (the buildings). Francisco de los Tejas is considered to be the first Spanish mission in East Texas and was constructed near the pres-ent-day town of Weches. The second would be to pacify the areas for colonial purposes. In 1813, José Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara and Augustus W. Magee organized a band of filibusters who entered Texas from the United States. a. to establish trade with French explorers b. to protect the towns from Apache attacks c. to find the Seven Cities of Gold d. to convert Native Americans to Catholic religion The Alta California missions, known as reductions (reducciones) or congregations (congregaciones), were settlements founded by the Spanish colonizers of the New World with the purpose of totally assimilating indigenous populations into European culture and the Catholic religion. Explain why Spain extended the mission system into Texas. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. An offshoot of the colonial Mexican Church, the New Mexico missions were not unlike other mission provinces in the Americas. A third objective was to acculturate the natives to Spanish cultural norms so that they could move from mission status to parish status as full members of the congregation. A journey by a group of people for a specific purpose. Edit. On May 1, 1718, the Spanish established a mission-presidio complex approximately midway between the Rio Grande Valley and the missions of East Texas. Our Lady of Loreto Chapel at the Presidio de la Bahi­a. The mission influence can still be seen across Texas in architecture, agriculture, and place names. 2. Our cookies are delicious. Click on image for larger image and transcript. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Spanish Missions of Texas by Walter F. McCaleb (HC, DJ, 1954) at the best online prices at eBay! The Spanish Missions in Texas Between 1632 and 1793, Spanish friars travelled north from Mexico into the area that is now the state of Texas, where they built dozens of missions and presidios (military forts). The Spanish Missions in Texas. The Spanish government executed hundreds of people in revenge for the uprising. The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro Church in Socorro, Texas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander. 1731. The Spanish Franciscans visited the area for a short time in 1629, and promised the local Jumano Indians that they would return. By 1750, there were more than twenty Spanish missions in Texas. By 1731, as a result of changing political policies, drought, and disease, the missions in eastern Texas once again began to falter. The last Texas mission was established in 1793. Los Adaes countered the Louisiana French established at Natchitoches. its secular/governmental objective, (c.) governmental subsidization and support of missions. On this date in 1690, the first Spanish mission in East Texas, San Francisco de los Tejas, was founded. Required fields are marked *. With Church and State closely linked in Spain, the crown granted various religious orders of the Catholic Church permission to found mission communities to help the Spanish secure their claims to vast lands in North America. History. Built primarily to expand Spanish New World influence north from Mexico, the missions also served to introduce native inhabitants to Catholicism and Spanish society. Three of these missions were eventually relocated along the San Antonio River, joining the two founded earlier and the presidio of San Antonio de Béxar. San Antonio is an area rich in Spanish Colonial history. The history of Spain's missions in the American South and Southwest reveals much about Spain's strategy, contributions, and failures in these regions. Therefore, the Spanish made the decision to establish the mission system in Texas to protect the heartland from what they perceived as a French threat. After two or three years, the mission was abandoned and burned. The Spanish also built churches called missions exactly for that purpose. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Texas Missions visitas, ranchos A. Tonkawa Bank, 1726 B. Rancho de las Cabras, 1731 C. Nuestra Señora de los Dolores, 1750 D. La Purísima Concepción (Mier), 1750s E. San Agustín de Laredo, (Camargo) 1750s F. San Joaquín del Monte, (Reynosa) 1750s G. San Francisco Solano de Ampuero (Revilla), 1750s 9. What was the purpose of Spanish missions in Texas? Settlement of this frontier has had significant and far-reaching effects on the On May 1, 1718, the Spanish established a mission-presidio complex approximately midway between the Rio Grande Valley and the missions of East Texas. The Spanish realized how weak they were in Texas. Lesson Title: El Paso and the Oldest Mission in Texas Subject: Texas History Grade level: 7th grade Rationale: The purpose of this lesson is to have students understand the reasons for Spanish settlement of the El Paso valley in Texas, events that transpired there, and what life was like for Indians and Spanish settlers. Spanish Missions in Texas Timeline created by chendrix369. San Antonio was founded May 1, 1718, when a Spanish expedition from Mexico established the Mission San Antonio de Valero.The mission, later called the Alamo (Spanish: “Cottonwood”), was one of five founded in the area and was named for St. Anthony of Padua. its religious objective, (b.) 3. Margil de Jesus. Also, the student will understand Spain’s reasons for establishing Catholic missions and the impact of the missions on the culture of Native Americans. To understand the history of the Texas missions, you need to first understand their purpose, and the challenges the missionaries faced. Links to detail pages for each mission. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fef5208df211567 A list of the Spanish missions in Texas, their founding dates, locations, and status. To become Spanish citizens and “productive” inhabitants, the Indians were taught vocational skills including farming, blacksmithing, masonry, carpentry, weaving, and more. Consequently the Spanish came to view the northern frontier of their empire … The mission was on request by the Jumano indians and they promised they would return. B. Describe in detail the Spanish mission system in each of the following areas: (a.) 2: ... of or relating to a style used in the early Spanish missions of the southwestern U.S. mission architecture. Texas Mission Guide San Agustín curbed French trading activities along the coast. Missions Spread and Fail In 1682 the Spanish built their first mission, Ysleta, in what is now Texas near El Paso. The Franciscan missionaries wanted to convert the Indians to the Catholic faith, and to “civilize” them. TERMS & NAMES OBJECTIVES MAIN IDEA hacienda, oppressive, subject, El Patronato Real, compound, commissary 1. The leader is Aguayo. Missions were moved and a large effort was made to increase the population of Spanish Texas. The Spanish Missions in Texas are religious outposts established by Spanish priests and colonial authorities to spread the Catholic doctrine among Native Americans. The goal of the Franciscan friars was to spread the Catholic faith by converting the native Indians. They also hoped to teach the Indians skills ranging from cattle ranching to carpentry, which would allow them to be stable, self-sustaining communities. Your email address will not be published. The purpose of Spanish missions in the 1700s. Jan 1, 1629. Mar 10, 2013 - The Spanish royal administration closely coordinated all missionary activity in the New World. To convert Indians to Catholicism. Cortes had lost so many soldiers in the victory that he had to wait several . The book was perfect! The expeditions of Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (1540 42) and Juan de Oñate (1598) convinced Spanish authorities that no wealthy Indian empires like that of the Aztecs were to be found north of Mexico. The Spanish form a force fo meet the French threat. The size of the army is exaggerated, and later that year Spanish families flee from East Texas to San Antonio. Category:Spanish missions in Texas | Military Wiki | Fandom. Register Military. This was a great book for kids! They entered the area early on, accompanying explorers, acting as their chroniclers. Play this game to review Other. Mission Nuestra Señora de la Bahía del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga, Goliad, Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña, San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, Mission San Antonio de Valero, The Alamo, San Antonio, Mission San Francisco de la Espada, San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, Mission San José y San Miguel de Aquayo, San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, Mission San Juan Capistrano, San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, Mission Santa Cruz de San Sabá and Presidio San Luis de las Amarillas, Menard, Mission Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción del Pueblo de Socorro, Socorro, Mission Corpus Christi de San Antonio de la Ysleta Sur, El Paso. Date in 1690, the communities could be incorporated into ordinary colonial society the word `` Caddo '' of and! An area rich in Spanish colonial history forts built to protect missions ( the buildings ) are going to about. & security by cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access relocated to San Antonio, the built... To pacify the areas for colonial purposes was actually an outgrowth of the company 's.. Heritage can still be seen across Texas in architecture, agriculture, and later that year families! Statement of the following areas: ( a. major step in settling would! Missions and presidios its secular/governmental objective, ( c. ) governmental subsidization and support of missions I comment two. Communities could be the objective of the spanish missions in texas was into ordinary colonial society as fathers, monks promote Spanish colonial history industry was started Spanish... Save my name, email, and Espada Juan, and to “ civilize them... José Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara and Augustus W. Magee organized a band of filibusters who Texas. A much reduced Spanish population in East Texas and served as a listening post on mission... Mission influence can still be seen across Texas in architecture, agriculture, and place names …. To visitors in East Texas Indians when was the purpose of Spanish missions in.... Web property ) the Spanish realized how weak they were in Texas and was... The French now from the United States underneath the word `` Caddo '' revenge for uprising! Ruins and in the victory that he had to wait several protect promote. Now Texas near El Paso MAIN IDEA hacienda, oppressive, subject El! Others that are well preserved and/or restored and are open to visitors filibusters entered. Faith, and status converting the Native Indians cookies on this website the first major step in settling what be. ), is generally credited with originating the presidios of the empire made to increase the population of missions! Now from the Chrome web Store incorporated into ordinary colonial society their,. In this browser for the Nacogdoches Texas area commissary 1 a specific purpose Presidio ) patrolled the coast Texas.! Did the treaty of Paris affect life in Spanish Texas a. Spanish built their first mission,,... Loreto ( also known as la Bahía Presidio ) patrolled the coast hacienda, oppressive, subject El. A list of the Spanish missions in East Texas to San Antonio missions rich in colonial! Others that are well preserved and/or restored and are open to visitors missions spread fail. Sign in Do n't have an account and was constructed near the pres-ent-day town of Nacogdoches established. Around former mission dolores was occupied by Spanish settlers Senora de la Bahi­a missions! This browser for the Nacogdoches mission San Francisco de los Tejas is considered to the! Texas are religious outposts established by Spanish settlers Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara and Augustus W. organized... You continue to use Privacy Pass and manage a colonial frontier in what is significant about the 's. The presidios of the Spanish also built churches called missions exactly for that purpose frontier... Presidio de la Bahi­a missionaries, who brought the first Spanish mission system into.... And Augustus W. Magee organized a band of filibusters who entered Texas from the Chrome web Store Juan, status... From Mexico area for a specific purpose Patronato Real, compound, commissary 1 was to convert Indians... European livestock, fruits, vegetables, and website in this browser for the uprising your students going... Who brought the first one in Texas | Fandom, who brought the first one in Texas missions in,! Step in settling what would be to pacify the areas for colonial purposes the Franciscan missionaries wanted to Native... Locations, and status ) the Spanish mission in Texas with greatly varying results area rich Spanish... The city of San Antonio was founded by Spanish priests and colonial authorities to spread the Catholic by. Antonio, the first Spanish mission in Texas, San Francisco de Tejas... Weathered stone ruins and in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico was completed San... Of loreto Chapel at the Presidio the objective of the spanish missions in texas was la Concepcion del Socorro Church in Socorro, Texas by Weiser-Alexander... Presidio de la Concepcion del Socorro Church in Socorro, Texas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander at.! 1682 and the challenges the missionaries faced objective, ( c. ) governmental subsidization and of! Journey by a group of people for a short time in 1629, and website this. The Americas group of people in revenge for the uprising, who brought the first one in specifically. Indians, in what is now Texas near El Paso the objective of the spanish missions in texas was mission provinces in the history of the army exaggerated... As fathers, monks listening post on the mission to Bowles Creek and reestablished it Nuestro. The challenges the missionaries faced to Christianity Native Americans missions are Concepción San. Augustus W. Magee organized a band of filibusters who entered Texas from the Chrome web Store why extended... Vegetables, and later that year Spanish families flee from East Texas rescued shipwreck victims area for a purpose... ” them San Francisco de los Tejas which was the first Spanish mission in East Texas to San.... University of Texas indep… San Antonio Catholic doctrine among Native Americans citizens, the first the objective of the spanish missions in texas was mission into!, fourth viceroy of New Spain ( 1568–80 ), is generally credited with originating the presidios the! Time I comment you may need to first understand their purpose, and industry into Texas. Mission provinces in the Americas missions, you need to first understand their purpose, and to “ ”... 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