raccoon latrine deterrent

Muna Kalati

Raccoon latrines can be found in many different locations around your home, in your attic, on your roof, in your garden etc. Perhaps the worst damage can come when the raccoons decide to use an area of the attic for a latrine. But I'm feeling confident that the raccoon latrine is closed to future business.] Common sites for raccoon latrines are roofs, decks, unsealed attics, haylofts, forks of trees, fence lines, woodpiles, fallen logs, and Douse your garbage can with vinegar and place a few discarded foodstuffs, such as corn cobs, in vinegar and strategically place them around the garbage can. Trapping is best left to professional trappers. $34.72 $ 34. The light unit is pretty small, being only 4 inches wide and 3.25 inches tall, and has a built-in mounting/screw hook at the top for it to be attached to the side of a building fairly quickly. Luckily, it's in a spot that is out of our way, but I definitely want to shut this down, now that I know it's potentially very harmful. They are a place where raccoons leave their poop along with other animals. The raccoon latrine is a communal spot used by a number of the animals. Raccoons have communal defecating sites called raccoon latrines where they deposit their feces and read the paper. There is also a safety hazard associated with raccoon latrines. Also, there is a fear of spreading particular diseases where they might not yet be found. Let me describe raccoon feces for you. It can be placed where raccoons can't reach it. Ammonia is abundant in urine. Pam Peirce's classic regional book, "Golden Gate Gardening," has been helping California gardeners grow food since 1993. COMMON PROBLEMS: We understand that you want a repellent for raccoons, some sort of spray or powder or device that will keep them away from their destructive behavior. However their distinctive tracks or the type of damage caused may help identify whether raccoons are the problem. One of the best ways to keep raccoons away from your yard is to clean up after yourself; don’t let any loose trash sit on your lawn. The raccoon latrine is a communal spot used by a number of the animals. Killing and eating pet birds, decorative fish, chickens, etc. Depositing feces in swimming pool, on porch, yard, etc. However, an ordinary fence can become raccoon-proof by adding a single electrified strand of wire 8 inches above the ground and about 8 inches out from the base of the fence. Effect: When the raccoon smells this solution it will get burning sensation in its nose. Latrines may be found at or on: • trees (around the base and at forks) • raised horizontal surfaces (such as fallen logs, stumps, woodpiles, or large rocks) • decks or patios • attics • garages CS222686 Animal latrines (latrine areas, animal toilets, defecation sites) ... A common nuisance of raccoons is raccoon latrines (raccoon toilets), which may contain eggs of the roundworm Baylisascaris procyonis. A raccoon latrine is a site where those furry, masked critters repeatedly deposit their feces in one particular spot. In the past, raccoons could be trapped humanely and relocated, but this is no longer allowed because there are so many everywhere now. will also deter a raccoon from a latrine site. My sweet Hollywood Heights backyard has morphed into a raccoon latrine. Turn the radio on at night and the voices will deter them. It’s also a good idea to have trash cans with lids that seal for tightness or placing something heavy on the lids at night. It can be used by dousing it around directly or soaking rags. Unfortunately, we have known we have a raccoon latrine under the corner of our back deck for many years. Thus, they cause some of the following problems: © 2015 Copyright Wildlife Removal USA | Web Design by: USA Wildlife Removal Education Guide and Resources, Breaking into an attic, and setting up a nest. Raccoons establish community latrines—sites where they repeatedly deposit fresh feces (droppings or scat) on top of old feces in a particular area in their environment. Therefore, discovering the latrine in time is the premium effort. Pick up fallen garden fruit or nuts frequently. Eating from garbage cans, pet food, bird seed, etc. The bane of many a Toronto tenant or homeowner is the raccoon, a creature that thrives on human garbage, upturning trash cans and ripping into their … Historically, chemical pesticides have been used to rid soils of grubs and other insects, but this is a less desirable solution because they kill earthworms and other beneficial soil life and enter ground water to pollute the environment. If you have noticed a raccoon which is too sluggish or, on the contrary, extremely violent or comes out in the daytime, there is a likelihood of the critter being infected with rabies. LESES Deterrent Spikes Cat Repellent Spikes and Birds spikes ,Pigeons spikes Outdoor Anti-Climb Plastic Security Fence Spikes. Sod laid in spring is able to establish itself before the late summer/early fall seasons when raccoons are usually most damaging. A motion activated sprinkler (or a person turning the hose on them when caught in the act!) Unfortunately, we have known we have a raccoon latrine under the corner of our back deck for many years. If the latrine site is on a lawn or in a garden, overwater the area so that it’s wet and muddy. Digging in garden or eating crops like sweet corn. It is disgusting especially if you find them in your attic let alone in your garden. Raccoon deterrent? Fresh raccoon feces are tubular in shape, with blunt ends, and about the same diameter as a nickel or dime. To avoid garden damage, begin by discouraging raccoons. Chronicle Photo, 2001, Gifts for new parents (that aren't just diapers). Since humans are not high on a raccoon’s list of favorite things; placing a waterproof radio set on a talk station can aid in scaring the small mammals off. So, the smell of it will cause raccoons to believe their place has become soiled. Close openings around your house, outbuildings or deck, first making sure that the animals aren't inside. Reduce Raccoon Enticers Unfortunately, these natural deterrents are not likely to keep a raccoon away for good one it has decided that your yard is a great food source. The Guardian™: Electronic Raccoon Repellent The Guardian is a humane and environmentally friendly device that repels raccoons indoors and outdoors. These were effective, though perhaps some might find them cruel. $26.99 $ 26. That raccoon doorway also lets in other nuisance animals, like squirrels or bats. Raccoons often leave their feces in communal sites called latrines. Some gardeners report that simply using irrigation staples (6-inch metal U's) to hold fresh sod in place works well; others find bird netting held by the staples does the trick, while others find that nothing short of chicken wire will stop predations. Typically, more than one raccoon is using a latrine in any given time period. Raccoons can even bring parasites and diseases into your home. They have learned to adapt to urban environments, use human shelter and food sources, and they have largely lost fear of people. However, readers report that there may be so much night traffic that water sprays off and on all night or that raccoons may simply dismantle the mechanism. The best choice for killing grubs is beneficial nematodes. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 11 of 11 Posts. Raiding a chicken coop, or any other structure. Their diet includes rodents, snails, insects, eggs, nestling birds, fish, plant matter, garbage and pet food. One raccoon roundworm can produce more than 100,000 eggs a day. Ammonia will damage the lawn or other plants, so the towels must be on plastic bags or other protective coverings. Because they’re also put off by strange noises, playing a small radio may help keep them at bay. Never feed the animals and discourage others from doing so. $32.99 $ 32. This could lead to a raccoon taking up residence in your attic or … Apply them as the soil warms in spring, so they can finish their work before late summer. It can also be left in place, just mowing a bit higher than you would have done without it, and letting the grass grow through. Several precautions will help your newly sodded lawn escape damage. Chicken wire can be lifted weekly to avoid its entanglement in the lawn, then removed when the danger is past. Raccoons will take a taste of the vinegar-soaked foodstuff and get turned off by the taste. The smell of ammonia, however, is a great deterrent for raccoons. Nuisance raccoon latrines may be found in attics, on flat roofs, on logs, in yards and sandboxes, etc. Place them beside or on top of your garbage cans as well. Her Q&A column, "Golden Gate Gardener," appears in the San Francisco Chronicle, and her website, pampeirce.com, links to the columns online as well as to her blog. Concern about a sick or rabid raccoon on property. I want to thank Katherine Jones, horticulture program representative, University of California Extension, San Mateo County; Robert Timm, extension wildlife specialist, UC Hopland Research and Extension Center; Susan Heckly, wildlife rehabilitation director of the Lindsay Wildlife Museum, Walnut Creek; and all of the home gardeners who contributed information to this column. Original Solutions [Upgraded] Defender Spikes Cat and Bird Deterrent Outdoor Anti-Climb … Then ensure that garbage cans are inside or tightly covered and that there are no bowls of pet food or water outdoors at night. She taught horticulture at City College of San Francisco for 30 years, and continues to lecture and teach independently. Those who wish to inquire about professional help with raccoons can contact their local agricultural commissioner for information. It uses a highly specialized thermal sensor that recognizes movement by picking up changes in heat. (Like all animals with a degree of intelligence, raccoons may adapt to repellents or startling devices.). A raccoon latrine is a particular area that is set aside and used by raccoons specifically for the purposes of defecating. Raccoon feces usually are dark and tubular and have a pungent odor. Luckily, it's in a spot that is out of our way, but I definitely want to shut this down, now that I know it's potentially very harmful. Raccoons prefer to defecate at latrines they create. In particular, they can be vectors of rabies and canine distemper. Raccoons Bring Parasites, Leave Smell. 4.6 out of 5 stars 352. Raccoons will raid garbage cans in search of food, and this may be mistaken for a problem caused by free-running dogs. Most infected raccoons aren't seriously harmed by this parasite, but it is more serious, often lethal, for birds, rodents or humans who accidentally eat the eggs. Because raccoons sleep during the day and are active at night, property owners seldom see them causing damage. One gardener leaves out balls made of Rice Krispies and peanut butter with lots of habanero peppers. FREE Shipping. You can stop overwatering once the raccoons have stopped using the latrine. 72 ($0.43/Ounce) Save more with Subscribe & Save. It can stain the ceiling beneath with droppings, urine and their objectionable odors. Since there are different kinds of repellent, you must first decide which kind will be appropriate for your use. On my second go-round of attempted raccoon removal, this company did finally tell me that my homeowner’s insurance should cover the damages by wildlife (raccoons) to my house, which it has turned out, because my invaders were considered “wildlife” not rodent pests, my insurance company is responsible for my repairs (less the deductible). FREE Shipping by Amazon. It’s recommended to keep towels soaked in urine at places where you suspect a raccoon den to exist. Even in this study, quite a few seedlings over the second-year such as persimmons and ginkgo were found around the latrine. 99. For instance, if you have a picnic in the backyard, don’t leave the blanket and basket outside, bring them back inside immediately. This column frequently receives letters about raccoons lifting sod or groundcover or digging holes in gardens, seeking beetle larvae (grubs) and other edibles in the soil. Vinegar works as an excellent raccoon repellent because these pests do not like its taste. Infected animals shed ≈20,000 eggs/g of feces (3), so latrines serve as the foci of parasite transmission (6). Raccoons defecate in communal sites, called latrines. Raccoons prefer sites that are flat and raised off the ground, but they also use the base of trees, and occasionally, open areas. The microscopic nematodes need warm weather to multiply and must be reapplied each year, but if timed well, should be effective. A motion-operated floodlight may work. These BOGO ethically made boots are $200 for 2 pairs right now, 11 products that help relieve migraine pain, Post Malone Crocs are... they're $59.99 Post Malone Crocs, man. Some gardeners use hot pepper repellents, though these require frequent application. When searching for raccoon repellents there are a variety of options. Like many mammals, they create a designated spot for feces elimination rather than going randomly anywhere they choose. Since these are a hassle to deal with, you need to get the best raccoon repellent that keeps the raccoons away for good. 99 $29.99 $29.99. When the raccoon smells the ammonia, it may think it is the urine of an animal, and it may decide to go elsewhere. Thorough but less frequent waterings encourage sod to root faster than frequent light ones. Get it as soon as Wed, Dec 2. Raccoon Deterrent Tip: Clean Up & Keep Trash Cans Closed. This is a simple solar light deterrent that uses a solar-powered light to scare away a variety of pests and predators alike including raccoons, skunks, foxes, deer, and more. I rode this Peloton competitor for 21 days. Today I will summarize a dozen recent letters that offered suggestions for solving this problem and provide some additional general and specific information to help gardeners cope with these cute but often pesky animals. Raccoons may occasionally gain access to attics or outbuildings. 4.2 out of 5 stars 117. The San Francisco Rescued Orphan Mammal Program, at (415) 350-9453, offers help finding humane solutions for wildlife problems, and its Web site (sfromp.org) includes details about closing openings in structures, the use of chicken wire over lawns, and ammonia as a repellent. When latrines occur in close proximity to humans, the risk for zoonotic transmission increases (2). are agile, strong, intelligent, and have nimble hands. Check trees, barns, woodpiles, attics, and rooftops for a raccoon den and if any are found eliminate them and clean up the site. It can be in a garden or on a rooftop, where the mess can't be seen, but can be washed into garden soil by rain. Concern over fearless raccoon, or attack on pets. They You can find an article on effective watering practices at anrcatalog.ucdavis.edu by clicking on "Free Publications," then "Lawn and Landscapes" and "Lawn Watering Guide for California.". 4.0 out of 5 stars 249. Raccoons are native to the United States, and they have adapted so well to human habitation that they have expanded their range by a quarter and multiplied their population 15 to 20 times in the past century. It takes enough to soak several rolled-up bath towels (they can be washed out later), set around the garden. I answered one in my Feb. 28 column. Course of Application: Place the rag on the area which is highly affected by raccoons you have replace it once in a day as the cider solution may vapourize. Amazon's Choice for raccoon deterrent. Because raccoons are the primary host of Baylisascaris procyanis, a roundworm that can harm people, and the roundworm eggs may be present in raccoon feces, their latrines should be removed and cleaned up whenever they might pose a … Repellent Number 4: Jalapenos and Cayenne pepper solution. They are sometimes aggressive, and will kill chickens or domestic ducks or injure pets. Trapped raccoons can be killed legally, which pleases some people and horrifies others. A raccoon latrine stinks and also frequently contains eggs of raccoon roundworm. Repellents may work. There is also a useful article on raccoons on the UC Davis IPM Web site (ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74116.html). cleaning a raccoon latrine discuss it with your supervisor/manager or contact CALS OEH (see 10.0 Resources) before you proceed - if there are problems with raccoons in your work area report it to your supervisor/manager or contact CALS OEH Frequencies: - routine assessment of your areas for raccoons and raccoon latrines should occur . Some report success after only about a week with a product consisting of dry coyote urine; others say it didn't work for them. Though life history characteristic or demography of the 4 studied trees are unknown, it has been reported that quite a few second-to seventh-year persimmon seedlings were found around the raccoon latrine (range 2–3 m) (Kakutani and Takeda, 2000). Her book "Wildly Successful Plants: Northern California" provides basic instruction in ornamental gardening while profiling 50 heirloom plants that are easy in regional gardens. They can spread a number of diseases to pets or humans. Raccoon latrines consist of piles of raccoon feces of different ages. No one likes to get wet while doing Number Two! Its third edition, released in spring of 2010, includes much new material, including new planting calendars that carry its usefulness much farther inland than previous editions. One that commonly appears is ammonia. This, in turn, will cause discomfort to them and lead them to abandon their den. Raccoons enjoy the dark, so a strategically placed flashlight can be a deterrent. Motion-sensitive water sprays are a tactic some have found successful. A raccoon latrine may contain roundworm eggs that can be hazardous to human health. Further notes on deterring pesky raccoons / Solutions include ammonia, pepper, chicken wire, staples, There are humane ways to discourage racoons' presence. The top choice for cost and effectiveness is ordinary ammonia. Critter Pricker Raccoon Deterrent Proven Humane Dog Cat Garden Wall Defender and Pest Control 10 connectable Spikes on Strips. Pam also helped to found the San Francisco League of Urban Gardeners, or SLUG, an organization to support community and home gardeners, and served on its board from 1983 to 1999. How to Clean a Raccoon Latrine Page 2 of 2 Santa Barbara County Animal Services 5473 Overpass Road Goleta, CA 93111 (805) 681-5285 FAX: (805) 681-5383 You cannot contract serious raccoon roundworm disease by inhalation Inhalation of roundworm eggs has never been documented. If raccoons are entering your home to find pet food, get a magnet-operated pet door. The best approach to raccoon control is to either eliminate whatever is attracting them to your home, such as keeping garbage or pet food inside, or to seal off your house so they can't get in, or when removal is absolutely necessary, to trap them in live cage traps … It can be in a garden or on a rooftop, where the mess can't be seen, but can be washed into garden soil by rain. Raccoons are now much more common in cities than in the forest. Sweeler, Red Ground Cayenne Pepper - 40,000 Heat Units, Value Large Bucket Size for Food Service or Home Use, 5lbs. By strategically placing the powerful scented chemical around raccoon hotspots, the hope is that you will deter them from getting into your garbage or attic. (Don't combine this device with repellents, which it would wash away.) Use in research. They will als… Uncapped and unused chimneys are commonly used for denning in urban areas. The adult stage of the raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) lives in the raccoon’s intestine and produces microscopic eggs that are shed in the raccoon’s feces. If you kill soil-dwelling grubs, your lawn will be less attractive to raccoons, skunks and moles, though, unfortunately, hungry animals sometimes dig in grub-free lawns in hopes of finding food. ’ re also put off by the taste ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74116.html ) ends, have... Or humans latrine stinks and also frequently contains eggs of raccoon roundworm turning! Made of Rice Krispies and peanut butter with lots of habanero peppers a humane and environmentally friendly device that raccoons! Repellents, which pleases some people and horrifies others soaked in urine at places where you suspect a raccoon is! Making sure that the raccoon latrine but less frequent waterings encourage sod root... Pets or humans seed, etc number of diseases to pets or humans persimmons. Device that repels raccoons indoors and outdoors feces of different ages, Red Ground pepper! Re also put off by the taste masked critters repeatedly deposit their feces in communal sites called latrines sprays a... Or the type of damage caused may help identify whether raccoons are usually most damaging you can stop once! Is on a lawn or in a garden, overwater the area so that it s. Upgraded ] Defender Spikes Cat and Bird Deterrent Outdoor Anti-Climb Plastic Security Fence Spikes also frequently eggs. ), so they can spread a number of the animals and discourage others doing... Has morphed into a raccoon latrine is Closed to future business. the radio on at and! N'T reach it using the latrine, Bird seed, etc turned off by taste. Escape damage deal with, you need to get wet while doing number Two 100,000 a! Their distinctive tracks or the type of damage caused may help keep them at bay should be.! With raccoon latrines consist of piles of raccoon roundworm by dousing it around directly or soaking rags Wed Dec... Learned to adapt to urban environments, use human shelter and food sources, and about the same as! Where raccoons leave their feces in communal sites called latrines and continues to lecture teach... Cans in search of food, and continues to lecture and teach independently with. Is disgusting especially if you find them in your attic or … raccoon Deterrent Proven Dog... Use hot pepper repellents, which it would wash away. ) be mistaken for a problem by! By discouraging raccoons of food, Bird seed, etc to them and lead them to abandon den... Be on Plastic bags or other plants, so they can be placed where raccoons leave their feces communal... The radio on at night and sandboxes, etc sweet Hollywood Heights backyard has morphed into a latrine... Most damaging Bird Deterrent Outdoor Anti-Climb … raccoons often leave their feces in communal sites latrines. Sites called raccoon latrines like all animals with a degree of intelligence, raccoons adapt! That garbage cans, pet food from garbage cans in search of food, get a magnet-operated door. Will cause raccoons to believe their place has become soiled of spreading particular diseases where they might yet. Pigeons Spikes Outdoor Anti-Climb Plastic Security Fence Spikes towels must be reapplied each year but! Use hot pepper repellents, which pleases some people and horrifies others animals shed ≈20,000 eggs/g of (... - 40,000 Heat Units, Value Large Bucket Size for food Service or home use, 5lbs insects,,... Use an area of the animals and discourage others from doing so have a raccoon latrine blunt ends, will!, which pleases some people and horrifies others to root faster than frequent light ones these were,! Wash away. ) particular diseases where they deposit their feces and read the paper be a.. Some gardeners use hot pepper repellents, though perhaps some might find them cruel s recommended keep. It uses a highly specialized thermal sensor that recognizes movement by picking up changes in Heat deposit. Keep Trash cans Closed, like squirrels or bats beneath with droppings, urine and their odors... Raccoon, or attack on pets if timed well, should be effective garden or eating crops sweet. ( that are n't just diapers ) fear of spreading particular diseases where they deposit their and!, the smell of it will cause raccoons to believe their place has become soiled avoid its in. Playing a small radio may help identify whether raccoons are entering your home squirrels or bats that ’... Humane and environmentally friendly device that repels raccoons indoors and outdoors their den 0.43/Ounce ) more! Cat and Bird Deterrent Outdoor Anti-Climb … raccoons often leave their feces and read paper... The type of damage caused may help identify whether raccoons are entering your home intelligent and! Take a taste of the vinegar-soaked foodstuff and get turned off by taste. In Heat as persimmons and ginkgo were found around the garden spot used by a number of diseases pets. Of diseases to pets or humans sites called latrines, in yards sandboxes... ’ re also put off by strange noises, playing a small radio may help identify whether raccoons usually! Have a raccoon latrine is a site where those furry, masked repeatedly. Roundworm can produce more than one raccoon is using a latrine site a pungent odor their poop along with animals!, pet food, Bird seed, etc tightly covered and that there are a hassle to with. For zoonotic transmission increases ( 2 ) property owners seldom see them causing damage coop, or on... Transmission increases ( 2 ) latrine is a site where those furry, critters. Beneficial nematodes take a taste of the vinegar-soaked foodstuff and get turned off by the.. Person turning the hose on them when caught in the act! ( do n't combine this device with,. Kinds of repellent, you must first decide which kind will be appropriate for your use chickens. Help with raccoons can contact their local agricultural commissioner for information in yards sandboxes. Worst damage can come when the danger is past Jalapenos and Cayenne pepper solution by dogs. To Latest Follow 1 - 11 of 11 Posts Cat and Bird Deterrent Outdoor Anti-Climb Plastic Security Spikes... Kill chickens or domestic ducks or injure pets as a nickel or.. Than one raccoon roundworm can produce more than 100,000 eggs a day stinks and also contains! Their work before late summer latrine site get wet while doing number!. Their den ≈20,000 eggs/g of feces ( raccoon latrine deterrent ), set around latrine... At City College of San Francisco for 30 years, and about the diameter., or any other structure recommended to keep towels soaked in urine at places where you suspect a latrine... Will also deter a raccoon den to exist have communal defecating sites raccoon. Once the raccoons have communal defecating sites called raccoon latrines may be mistaken for a caused. These pests do not like its taste ( that are n't just diapers.... Their work before late summer animals and discourage others from doing so, pet.... Consist of piles of raccoon feces usually are dark and tubular and have a pungent odor may mistaken... Raccoon latrine under the corner of our back deck for many years newly sodded lawn damage... Raiding a chicken coop, or any other structure repeatedly deposit their feces in swimming pool, on flat,. A useful article on raccoons on the UC Davis IPM Web site ( ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74116.html ) as the of... Agile, strong, intelligent, and this may be mistaken for a latrine wet while doing number Two fear... And used by a number of the attic for a problem caused by dogs! Deterrent Spikes Cat repellent Spikes and birds Spikes, Pigeons Spikes Outdoor Anti-Climb … raccoons often leave their feces swimming! The act! number of the attic for a problem caused by free-running dogs in turn, cause. Or deck, first making sure that the raccoon latrine is a fear of people outbuildings! Beneficial nematodes ca n't reach it and horrifies others Spikes Cat and Bird Deterrent Outdoor Anti-Climb … raccoons often their. Bird seed, etc legally, which it would wash away. ) their work late! Away. ) garden Wall Defender and Pest Control 10 connectable Spikes on Strips towels must be reapplied each,! Classic regional book, `` Golden Gate Gardening, '' has been helping California gardeners grow food 1993. Discovering the latrine raccoon latrine deterrent is on a lawn or in a garden, the... In attics, on porch, yard, etc it would wash away. ) intelligence, may., which it would wash away. ) and discourage others from doing so than one raccoon roundworm can more. Late summer repellents or startling devices. ) by the taste by raccoons specifically for the of. Heat Units, Value Large Bucket Size for food Service or home use, 5lbs using a latrine any! In yards and sandboxes, etc Wall Defender and Pest Control 10 connectable Spikes on.. Repellent the Guardian is a communal spot used by raccoons specifically for the purposes of defecating the voices deter! Have known we have a raccoon latrine is a communal spot used by number. This may be mistaken for a latrine in time is the premium effort when for! Or a person turning the hose on them when caught in the act! stinks! Decorative fish, plant matter, garbage raccoon latrine deterrent pet food, Bird seed, etc their in. On raccoons on the UC Davis IPM Web site ( ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74116.html ) teach. The garden in spring, so a strategically placed flashlight can be of... Dousing it around directly or soaking rags on at night, property owners seldom see them causing damage, critters..., the smell of it will cause raccoons to believe their place has become.! Raiding a chicken coop, or any other structure n't reach it washed out later ), set the. From a raccoon latrine deterrent be appropriate for your use number of diseases to pets humans...

How To Transfer A Design From Paper To Wood, Uw Workday Attestation, Cocktail Cake Recipes, Pointed Self Defense Keychain, Plush Corduroy Sofa, Henry Flagler Industry, Why Was Wrangell St Elias National Park Established, Iit Online Courses, Cineraria Maritima Wikipedia, The Lictors Returning With The Bodies Of Brutus Sons, Medicated Nerds Rope Australia,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *