shiitake mushroom scientific name

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J Altern Complement Med 2002;8(5):581-589. Phylum: Basidiomycota. Shiitake is the medicinal mushroom which is prized with a delicious taste as well as texture. Terms & conditions [12], Shiitake are now widely cultivated all over the world, and contribute about 25% of total yearly production of mushrooms. It reduced the HDL and VLDL cholesterol levels. Originating from Japan it’s scientific name is Lentinula edodes. Portobello mushrooms are native to the grasslands of Europe and North America while shiitake mushrooms are native to East Asia. Biofactors. 2. Its scientific name is Agaricus Bisporus. Calories 81 Kcal. Rarely, consumption of raw or slightly cooked shiitake mushrooms may cause an allergic reaction called "shiitake dermatitis", including an erythematous, micro-papular, streaky pruriginous rash that occurs all over the body including face and scalp, appearing about 24 hours after consumption, possibly worsening by sun exposure and disappearing after 3 to 21 days. Maitake’s scientific name, G. frondosa, is derived from an Italian mushroom name referring to the gryfon, a mythological half lion and half eagle beast. The Japanese cultivated the mushroom by cutting shii trees with axes and placing the logs by trees that were already growing shiitake or contained shiitake spores. APF Shiitake Mushrooms Products ( 70g ; 100g ; 1/2lb ; 3lbs ; 5lbs) The Shiitake mushroom is native to East Asia and known as the “King of Mushrooms” especially in China and Japan. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. When dried to about 10% water, the contents of numerous nutrients increase substantially. Hence, we developed a keen fascination with this mushroom… Shiitake was the first medicinal mushroom to be scientifically studied for its immune support properties. [3] The fungus has acquired an extensive synonymy in its taxonomic history:[4], The mushroom's Japanese name shiitake (椎茸) is composed of shii (椎, shī, Castanopsis), for the tree Castanopsis cuspidata that provides the dead logs on which it is typically cultivated, and take (茸, "mushroom"). It is large and umbrella shaped mushroom in dark brown color. Scientific Name: Lentinula edodes. Agaricus mushroom is a fungus.It originated in Brazil, but is now grown in China, Japan, and Brazil for sale. Treats obesity, Enhance immunity, Eradicate cancer cells, Cardiovascular system, Antimicrobial activity, Palmitoleic acid 16:1 (hexadecenoic acid), Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid), Alpha-linolenic acid 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (Octadecatrienoic acid), Flower Mushroom, Chinese Black Mushroom, Winter Mushroom, Emperor’s Mushroom, Golden Oak Mushroom, Glossagyne, Oak Mushroom. The presence of zinc in Shiitake mushroom enhances the immune function and lowers the DHT buildup to promote the skin healing. Shiitake mushroom – Lentinus edodes Facts. The fruit possess robust and earthy flavor. The fresh and dried forms are added to the East Asian cooking. Welcome to our mushroom Latin names page. [6], It is also commonly called "sawtooth oak mushroom", "black forest mushroom", "black mushroom", "golden oak mushroom", or "oakwood mushroom". Can we have tea with milk without sugar in keto diet? How a Whole-house Water Filtration System Can Benefit Your Health, Kale – Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group), Chanterelle mushroom – Cantharellus californicus, Health benefits of Salal – Gaultheria shallon, Uses and benefits of Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus, Facts about Sea Holly – Eryngium maritimum, Traditional uses of Scurvy Grass – Cochlearia officinalis, Traditional uses of Sugarberry – Celtis laevigata, Health Benefits of Southern maidenhair fern. The Japanese cultivated the mushroom by cutting shii trees with axes and placing the logs by trees that were already growing shiitake or contained shiitake spores. She makes use of it in preparing a salad, dishes, and almost every soup. Shiitake mushrooms will start to pin from large knots formed on the surface of the substrate, eventually developing into a more traditionally shaped cap and stem mushroom. Button Mushroom. The consumption of Shiitake mushroom prevents the tumor cells growth. Shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes) are a popular fungal variety native to East Asia. Both of these are produced at lower temperatures. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/3015. The Common Mushroom is actually a particular mushroom and not a generic term. Skin and Bones. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/2988. It is used for medicinal purposes to treat cancer, environmental allergies, AIDS, Candida infections, flu and colds. In fact, songyi mushrooms (also known as matsutake) have been used for skin lightening in Japan, Korea and China for centuries. All eight amino acids are found in this mushroom. It is also required for the metabolism and absorption of phosphorus and calcium. It enhances the immunity power that helps to fight against the diseases as it contains minerals, vitamins and enzymes. [10][11] Before 1982, the Japan Islands' variety of these mushrooms could only be grown in traditional locations using ancient methods. It summarizes that the consumption of Shiitake mushroom prevents and treats obesity and other metabolic disorders. B-glucan reduces the intake of food, slows absorption of nutrition, increase satiety and lower the levels of plasma lipid. The name shiitake is Japanese, meaning "shii mushroom". Some people might experience allergic reactions with the consumption of Shiitake mushroom. One type of high-grade shiitake is called donko (冬菇) in Japanese[19] and dōnggū in Chinese, literally "winter mushroom". [citation needed] A 1982 report on the budding and growth of the Japanese variety revealed opportunities for commercial cultivation in the United States. The study shows that the rat with high intake of Shiitake mushrooms effectively reduce the fat. Thank you for your understanding. The fungus has acquired an extensive synonymy in its taxonomic history: We could add those common names to our pages. It possesses antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Shiitake mushroom cooked without salt. Elaphocordyceps ophioglossoides —in case you didn’t know—is a species of fungus, and while its scientific name is certainly elegant, it doesn’t exactly roll off the tongue. [12][13][14], In a 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving, raw shiitake mushrooms provide 140 kilojoules (34 kilocalories) of food energy and are 90% water, 7% carbohydrates, 2% protein and less than 1% fat (table for raw mushrooms). Those who have a blood disorder condition should avoid the consumption of Shiitake mushroom. After the Button mushroom, Shiitake is the most produced mushroom in the world. Calories 34 Kcal. These mushrooms have become famous all around the world and comprise more than 1/4 of all mushroom cultivation globally. Shiitake mushrooms are high source of copper; one serving provides 144.33% of daily value. The study shows that Shiitake mushroom prevent the increase in blood pressure. The presence of lentinan repairs the damage of chromosomes which is the result of anticancer treatments. One serving of 145 grams has 81 calories. [22], There is research investigating the use of shiitake mushrooms in production of organic fertilizer and compost from hardwood. Shiitake mushroom assist to counteract the cancer cells. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. Shiitake goes by many different names. Common/English Name: Flower Mushroom, Chinese Black Mushroom, Winter Mushroom, Emperor’s Mushroom, Golden Oak Mushroom, Glossagyne, Oak Mushroom: Name in Other Languages: Japanese: donko Chinese: dōnggū: Grown: Hardwoods such as oak, ironwood, maple https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/3016. Fresh and dried shiitake have many uses in East Asian cuisine. Shiitake Mushroom. Oyster Mushrooms. All rights reserved. Can Coronavirus Pandemic Change Indian Health Insurance Industry? Lentinan from shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) suppresses expression of cytochrome P450 1A subfamily in the mouse liver. The shiitake (/ʃɪˈtɑːkeɪ, ˌʃiːɪ-, -ki/;[1] Japanese: [ɕiꜜːtake] (listen) Lentinula edodes) is an edible mushroom native to East Asia, which is cultivated and consumed in many East Asian countries. It is added to soups, stir-fries, stews and side dishes. Shiitake is used in Japan to treat of cancer as it contains Lentinan and selenium which is antioxidant that prevents cancer. The name shiitake is taken directly from its name in Japanese and it is also known as black mushroom or oakwood mushroom. 'Challenger', 1874–75. For over 6000 years, it was used by the Chinese people for the medicinal purposes. People in over 70 countries actually farm it. [5] The specific epithet edodes is the Latin word for "edible". The adequate amount of Vitamin D promotes the immune system, maintains brain function and body weight, reduces development of rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. The Latin name is Lentinula edodes, although in English they're sometimes known as black forest mushrooms or Chinese black mushrooms. The intake of mushroom also lowers the inflammation. The fruit body of Shiitake mushroom is normally 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) in diameter. Genus: Pleurotus. Calories 38 Kcal. As shown above, king oyster mushrooms are one of the biggest types of edible … Botanical Name: Agaricus bisporus. This mushroom is also known by a number of other common names, such as the Oak, Chinese or Black Forest mushroom. Shiitake mushroom is used for boosting the immune system, lowering blood cholesterol levels, treating prostate cancer, and as an anti-aging agent.. Shiitake mushroom is also eaten as food. Of course it was accorded the name because it is the most commonly known and eaten mushroom across the world. Many years ago in Japan, the maitake actually had monetary value and was worth its weight in silver. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Mushrooms. Purchase mushroom spawn (the mushroom tissue used for propagation) in the form of plugs, thimbles, or sawdust. Shiitake mushroom extract, as well as extracts from other mushrooms, is sometimes used in Asia along with conventional cancer treatments. (Shii is the Japanese name for a type of evergreen tree on which the mushrooms often grow). [13] Commercially, shiitake mushrooms are typically grown in conditions similar to their natural environment on either artificial substrate or hardwood logs, such as oak. This is an example of the scientific classification of a button or white mushroom: Here, with the student's typo included, is … You might know different common names for mushrooms given below so please inform us by sending email. The scientific name of Oyster mushroom is “Pleurotus”. It also possesses phytonutrients that assist the cells to stick to walls of blood vessel which enhances the circulation and healthy blood pressure. Lentinan is a polysaccharide derived from the vegetative parts of the edible Japanese shiitake mushroom. Family: Tricholomataceae. The scientific name for Shiitake is Lentinula edodes. The stem is smooth, fibrous and light brown. You need about 25 shiitake plugs per log. The sterol compounds in the Shiitake mushroom inhibit the cholesterol production in the liver. Calories from Fat 3.06 Kcal. In Chinese cuisine, they are often sautéed in vegetarian dishes such as Buddha's delight. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] In maturity, the mushroom is christened Portobello. Privacy Policy They have decurrent, even, or ragged gills, a stem, and are covered with delicate white flocking. * By “medicinal” we mean those mushrooms that contain immuno-modulating beta glucans in the cell walls and have a … Scientific name: Lentinula edodes. Alternate Names: Shitake, black forest, … (Third notice)", "The Shiitake Mushroom-A History in Magic & Folklore", "Cultivation of shiitake, the Japanese forest mushroom, on logs: A potential industry for the United States", "A Review of Mushrooms as a Potential Source of Dietary Vitamin D", "Consuming Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) Mushrooms Daily Improves Human Immunity: A Randomized Dietary Intervention in Healthy Young Adults", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shiitake&oldid=991693190, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 10:11. While the scientific evidence isn’t there yet, there is still a notion that it may have an effect. Calories 44 Kcal. Shiitake in Japanese means “mushroom of the shii or oak tree.” In Kentucky, the types of trees that shiitakes generally grow on are American chestnut, beech, oak, hickory, and maple. Shiitake can vary from very light tan to a dark brown, and they have a characteristic umbrella shaped … [15][16][17], In 2015, a study with 52 adults indicated that regular consumption of shiitake can result in improved immunity.[18]. Another high-grade of mushroom is called huāgū (花菇) in Chinese, literally "flower mushroom", which has a flower-like cracking pattern on the mushroom's upper surface. Agaricus mushroom is used for cancer, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, “hardening of the arteries” (arteriosclerosis), ongoing liver disease, bloodstream disorders, and digestive problems. Symptoms such as fever, congestion, headache, coughing, nausea, sneezing and general malaise. East Asia, which is grown in many Asian countries. Both types of mushrooms grow in the wild but are also cultivated for food and, in the case of shiitake mushrooms, for perceived medicinal value. The intake of Selenium along with Vitamin E and A reduce the acne and its scars. Shiitake mushroom contains the components such as b-glucan and eritadenine which have the fat reducing effects. [9] A solution containing chemicals that are taken from the plant (extract) is used as medicine. [citation needed], Like all mushrooms, shiitakes produce vitamin D2 upon exposure of their internal ergosterol to ultraviolet B (UVB) rays from sunlight or broadband UVB fluorescent tubes. [5], The earliest written record of shiitake cultivation is seen in the Records of Longquan County (龍泉縣志) compiled by He Zhan (何澹) in 1209 during the Song dynasty in China. Nutritional value of Shiitake mushroom cooked with salt. General Description. The fungus was first described scientifically as Agaricus edodes by Miles Joseph Berkeley in 1877. 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Variety native to East Asia you might know different common names to our mushroom Latin names page Japanese of... It contains lentinan and Selenium which is prized with a delicious taste as well as extracts from mushrooms! The Oak, Chinese or black forest mushroom ( DVs ) are based average! As the Oak, Chinese or black forest, … Welcome to our pages using shiitake mushroom scientific name... Water, the Japanese name for a type of evergreen tree on which the mushrooms often )... Has a nutty or garlicky taste and is a fungus.It originated in Brazil, but is now in.

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