history of dance in the church

Muna Kalati

The early church seems to have practiced two types of dance, as expressed by Epiphanius: geranos, which is the Greek for ‘circle dance’ and leaping, as did King David when the Ark of the Covenant was restored to Jerusalem. These people were changed; being healed of leprosy, and demonic influence, they would have never been the same. Exodus 5:1, Exodus 12:14, Leviticus 23:41, Numbers 29:12, Deuteronomy 16:15). King David was a musician who radically transformed the music and worship amongst God’s people and today we still speak of Davidic Dancing when we mean a joyful celebration of God’s victories. Dance, in biblical Jewish thinking, seems always to be practiced as part of a celebration of God’s victory, as Solomon expresses: There is a time for everything, and a season for every activity under heaven… a time to mourn and a time to dance. It is also one of the most misunderstood passages as well. In the same way, Gregory of Nyssa (AD 335-394) described Jesus as the one and only choreographer and leader of dancers on earth and in the church.”, After Rome fell in 476 A.D., the first four centuries were marked by warfare and missionary activity. Knowing God does call the Body of Christ to dance for Him in worship, and that He has “given us the ministry of reconciliation” (2Corinthians 5:18) we can move ahead in our creative gifts and use something like dance—which needs to be reconciled to the church again—as a tool to connect with teenagers and point them to Christ. Just click the Give.net Donate button below. You can adjust all of your cookie settings by navigating the tabs on the left hand side. It’s true that formal dance has been unwelcome in some churches, where it is associated with secular sinfulness rather than biblical tradition. The Psalmist speaks about such worship in Ps 149:4: “For the LORD takes delight in his people”. Christian churches that have incorporated dance and other stylized gestures in worship have benefited from a profound way of expressing their praise and enacting the gospel message. In the small islands off the coast of Australia, Samoan worshipers sing and sway, seemingly floating, “in a slightly shuffle without lifting their feet from the ground.”, The spirit of God will lead people to worship Him all around the world, but it can only happen when an individual is willing to humble themselves and be obedient. Let’s take a look at how dance evolved over the years. The Church celebrated its festivals with dance as part of their worship to God. And the few that do seem to be swamped by others that don’t. The history of dance within the Church is not known to the average Christian, most are unaware of the foundational origins which dance held within Hebrew culture, and how vital it was to God’s people in expressing their worship to Him. Responses to the Spirit include such things as falling to the ground in repentance, speaking words of prophecy through the Spirit, and overwhelming praise for His powerful work in their lives. For example, every year on March 25th at the Festival of Annunciation, the Christians recalled when Mary was visited by the angel Gabriel on that very date to tell her that she had conceived Jesus Christ. Many people have the idea that God calls us to come to Him as we are and He accepts us, and they take this attitude with worshipping. Its defenders and followers are Lucian, Caligula, Herod, and similar epicureans and atheists. Also, in 2 Samuel 6, when King David brought back the Ark of Covenant, the Israelite danced as they celebrated the great deeds of God. If a pastor is unclear about a certain topic but personally desires to preach on it from a certain side, as if it were truth, he is clearly wrong and is manipulating Scripture to push his personal agenda. They are “clearly defined by physical movements and postures such as bowing, kneeling, lifting, clapping, waving of hands, spinning, dancing, leaping, and even lying prostrate.”, Other passages in the Old Testament define, in even more detail, how the Israelites were called to worship Yahweh. (It is unlikely He would have not said dancing is wrong when Jesus made all other prohibitions very clear.) In verse 5 we are urged to “let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus.”. Within the Church, dance is an incredible gift that God has given us to worship Him. Many churches today may not include dance as an act of worship as part of the service, but will put on special events to communicate their faith through dance. God has called the body of Christ to praise Him through dance as part of their act of worship to Him and through this paper, there will be sufficient evidence to reveal the Truth in this matter. Although church leaders accepted dance as a legitimate act of worship and celebration for centuries, by the time the Roman Empire fell in AD 476 it began to become less common. [docutment on-, . And because it is something so precious to Him, wouldn’t we want to do it with all our heart, soul, mind and strength because He is worthy to be praised? [document on-line]. Dance in the Church as an act of worship has become controversial, although some charismatic, Messianic (Jewish Christians) and orthodox churches practice this. Then we may as well be worshipping the people around us because we would be holding our peer’s worth higher than God’s. Its defenders and followers are Lucian, Caligula, Herod, and similar epicureans and atheists. “He further indicates physical movement is an approved part of prayer-like expression when he exhorts Timothy to pray lifting up holy hands (1 Timothy 2:8). However, the more radical style of reformation of Calvin and Knox led to a puritanical movement that largely banned the arts altogether and dance was almost completely rejected, certainly as an act of worship. The desire in this paper is to seek, The Hebrew tradition was full of dancing. The most common form of sacred dance is liturgical dance, which was first introduced to worship services in the 1970s. In England the great reformer, William Tyndale, in a prologue to the New Testament, wrote of joyous ‘daunce and leepe’. From this understanding, the survey could be very weak because of the lack of open discussion about their views. When in reality, the Pharisees were the ones that were blinded to the truth of God’s miracle, because they were so focused on their own agendas. This is where dance comes in. Just as Paul went into different circles to proclaim the gospel of Christ, using Greek poetry (that originally described Greek gods! And then I hear His voice, whispering to my heart, ‘come and worship me with the gift I have given you’. Dance in Religion and Mythology. Miriam sang to them. 4 Israeli Folk Dancing There is no chance. As depicted in history books, dance, at whatever form, has always been a part of a country’s culture. Some dancers believe that formal dance is a natural outgrowth of the shouting and physical experiences of the Holy Spirit in Pentecostal and similar churches. [document on-line], Appleton Company, 1908. Some churches embrace it; some churches allow it; some churches forbid it. Germany - Germany - Music and dance: In the 12th and 13th centuries, German poets and musicians known as minnesingers, influenced by the troubadours and trouvères of France, composed and performed songs of courtly love for the Hohenstaufen dukes of Franconia and Swabia. For Jews, liturgical dance, first seen Biblically in Exodus 15:20-21, was seen when the Israelites were crossing the Red Sea. It has nothing to do with my ability to dance, or even what song is being sung. The story continues by describing the Father’s house filled with “music and dancing” because of this celebration. In fully surrendering, our new security is then found in Christ alone not by what others think of us. It was accepted in the liturgical form under strict guidelines, but “gradually the sacred dance form began to shift and instead of devotional dance, the movement became more theatrical and dramatic.”, Through the 14th and 15th centuries, the most commonly known religious dance was the ‘Dance of Death’. The very purpose of dancing often runs counter to God and it is true that the intent of most dancing is generally evil. All those people who Jesus healed have been dead physically for thousands of years, even the ones Jesus raised from the dead died again. Numerous dance styles have evolved over the years and each style has a history behind it. From medieval to contemporary dance forms, every style has its own meaning and reason of origination. In John 9, Jesus heals a man born blind by putting mud in his eyes on the Sabbath. Jesus’ example in John 5:44 showed a casual disregard for what His audience thought of Him. Francis Chan in His book, In a perfect world, the worship we offer to God would look a lot different. In Germany Martin Luther embraced the arts and even wrote a carol for children entitled From Heaven High, in which two stanzas encouraged dance. They would have been rejoicing in His goodness. John Chrysostom, Commentary on Matthew, 48. Does it have to be in a specific place? His or her statement says it doesn’t matter what people think because God’s pleasure is of far more worth and significance than the uncomfortable fear and condemnation of fellow believers. For there are excessive banqueting, and subtle flutes which provide lustful movements, and useless and luxurious anointing, and crowning with garlands. God used dance then and moved people to resume it once again after it had been lost for so long. Hear the word of the LORD, O nations. As a pastor’s kid, I was raised in a Presbyterian church that did not have a tradition of using dance as a form of worship. As I step out in faith, a wonderful thing happens; the fear fades, everyone disappears, and I am able to just dance before my God with all my might and to feel His pleasure. Out of all the reasons to dance, the greatest one is because God loves us dancing for Him out of a pure heart. And because of that, God will vomit them from His mouth; that choice of living is disgusting to God. As the ark of the Lord was entering the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window. They are like children sitting in the marketplaces and calling out to others: ‘We played the flute for you, and you did not dance; we sang a dirge, and you did not mourn. He did not depict in his dancing the story of Grecian lust. These revivals include great masses of people responding to the leading of the Holy Spirit. Hebrew “language contains no less than eight verbs to express the idea of dancing and many of the allusions found in the Bible point to mere spontaneous expressions of merriment by leaping, circling, or otherwise.”, Dance was not hindered in any way, as some may think, as Jesus stepped into this world. Others describe how dance ruins the comfort of church, saying. He forgot the crowd, and in a spontaneous moment of spiritual emotion he, began humbly expressing His spiritual fervency as he danced with all his might before the Lord. “This dancing in the Father’s house was due to the salvation of his child. The Ministry Of Dance is just as important as the preached word because in actuality that is exactly what it is. As the authority of the church grew stronger “there were an increasing number of edicts and considerable legislation which reformed church liturgy. European medieval dances were once popular among common and wealthy classes. It served as an expression of worship and celebration. On the other hand we see several occasions in the Old Testament in which dancing is seen as sinful because of the association with it. Some shouters would “run the aisle.”. Internet. On Herod’s birthday Herodias’ daughter danced so well that he offered her anything she wanted and she demanded John the Baptist’s head on a platter (Matthew 14:6). Fallon, D. J. Online discussion on “Do you dance in the church?” [document on-line] Available, Burke, Wendy. But the dance was the key in the lock! The reality is David knew his clothes didn’t change who he was, “His royal clothes carried no significance before God, and so he took them off to dance.”. We don’t need more ‘Christian songs’, ‘Christian bands’, or ‘Christian actors’, doing poor replicas of secular originals. As time went by, during the Renaissance, a lot of new dances were created. Jesus’ story about the prodigal son, for example, is a beautiful and exciting representation of our lost condition apart from Him and God’s incredible love and forgiveness for us. It seems that dance in church was seen as an act of worship, but some Christians were abusing this and turning it into a sensual party in the same way that some of the believers at Corinth were turning communion into an opportunity to get drunk, which the apostle Paul roundly condemned. A powerful and effective tool of evangelism. On the other end of the spectrum, there are many incredible reasons for dance within the church. Mass misunderstanding of the reason for dance. Does worship have to include words? But this accusation can quickly become void with a clear definition of the words ‘praise’ and ‘worship’ in the Hebrew and even Greek languages. Gregory Thaumaturgus said: Shine, shine, O new Jerusalem, for the glory of the Lord has risen upon You. And declare in the coastlands afar off, and say, He who scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd keeps his flock…Then the virgin shall rejoice in the dance, and the young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and give them joy for their sorrow. A great assumption going into this paper is that the people of North American culture will not understand the power and significance of dance within a worship setting. “How could we possibly express such strong emotions as thankfulness, love, and joy, without using our physical bodies?”. Lately, multiple TV shows, just in North America alone, have become the latest craze in pop culture; they promote the best dancers and dancing in general. What we need are Christians who are in the bands and acting in the world, and who are writing songs that are God-breathed, with Christ shining through them into the darkness. Coleman, Lucinda. People like Martin Luther (c. 1525) “wrote a carol for children entitled, As years passed, there seem to be a silence to the Spirit of God moving. Jewish culture featured dancing at weddings and the Feast … Coming Prepared to Worship, offering the right Worship. In 1969, at the height of the civil rights movement, Arthur Mitchell and Karel Shook founded Dance Theatre of Harlem. There may be only a few references of the word ‘dance’ in the New Testament, but when they are mentioned it’s a powerful portrayal of God’s heart for dance. Recognizing the relevance of dance in the church today, both in worship and in its use as an evangelistic tool, is crucial for the health of the body of Christ for its participation in sharing the hope of salvation to a lost and hurting generation. Shouting became a revivalistic phenomenon; added to it was the shuffling of the feet, which was followed by running around and an occasional leap. And there have been some really severe consequences for those who were disobedient to those commands. As we boldly move forward in obedience to God’s will, He has to be our defense. In Leviticus 10:1. There had been a wholesale backsliding of the nation into idolatry to such an extent that the Baal prophets and priests became their leaders. Accessed 10, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04618b.htm, http://bonasdancesite.homestead.com/objections.html. Accessed 10 March 2009. Jesus was strictly harsh on those in John 5:40-44 who were looking around to each other for approval. Salvation is the foundational reason for our dance.”, Jesus went around ministering to masses of people, going into towns and healing, Mk.1:32; 6:15, 55, 56; 16:18; Lk.4:40; 5:15), just to name a few. The church dares to celebrate with the full body – reverent, holy, and festive.”, It is impossible to see all that God intends for worship to be, but as we look into the scriptures and allow the Spirit to guide our steps we can determine a few key points in which the worshipper will step past the ritualistic routine and experience freedom. It can happen spontaneously or, it can be thought out and planned intricately. and, therefore, should never be done before a holy God. There is a warning here for ‘spiritual leaders’ who want to control their church with their own agendas. “Worship God in Dance”. “Jesus said, “For judgment I have come into this world, so that the blind will see and those who see will become blind. Basil the Great, bishop of Caesarea, also wrote: We remember those who now, together with the Angels, dance the dance of the Angels around God, just as in the flesh they performed a spiritual dance of life and, here on earth, a heavenly dance. For example, the Israelites had backslidden into paganism at the time of Moses going up to receive the Ten Commandments from God. And if a church congregation has deemed dance unacceptable, and is full of judgment that does not allow participation in this act of praise, they are, in fact, offering themselves to the enemy as agents of division and are participating in quenching and grieving the Holy Spirit. Just as Saul was zealous about God’s work of putting an end to the blasphemous sect of Jesus followers, he soon found out that it was “Jesus, whom [he] [was] persecuting,"(Acts 9:5). People have engaged with their faith through Liturgical dance for many centuries. This is … Religion and music historian Herbert Lockyer, Jr. writes that "music, both vocal and instrumental, was well cultivated among the Hebrews, the New Testament Christians, and the Christian church through the centuries." Not a lot of people hold strong passionate views of dance within the church, either for or against. Available from. Physical dance is not the issue. And they danced around the altar they had made. But the one’s that experienced internal spiritual healing because of what Jesus did on the Cross, they will live forever! David also offers a positive example of dancing used as an expression of worship. This view of automatically connecting all dancing to worldly sin is a very sad and narrow view of what dance was intended to be. It was not the dancing that caused Moses’ anger to burn but the worship of a false god. For mankind, the value of freedom has been directly connected with the high price of death.”. That was the kind of God-honoring dance that was both Holy Spirit inspired and Holy Spirit anointed. This thought is that in our society, most dancing occurs in bars, on disco floors, at proms, dance clubs, social parties, weddings, etc. Both Justin Martyr in A.D. 150 and Hippolytus in A.D. 200 describe joyful circle dances in the early church; dance was perceived as one of the 'heavenly joys and part of the adoration of the divinity by the angels and by the saved” In later writings, “there is detailed evidence of dance integrated into the ritual and worship of the church in the writings of Hippolytus (A.D. 215) and Gregory the Wonder-Worker (A.D. 213-270).”, “Rejoice in the highest, Daughter of Zion! As the danced, they sang: ‘Saul has slain his thousands, and David his tens of thousands’. Moses was angered by this rapid fall into idolatry: When Moses approached the camp and saw the calf and the dancing, his anger burned’ (Exodus 32:19). The father puts on a party with celebratory dancing because his prodigal son, whom he thought was lost, has returned (Luke 15:21-29). Worship is a heart issue. Additional reminders in the New Testament that the Church is called to worship the Lord with all that they have is found in 1 Corinthians 6:19; when Paul tells the Christians that their bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit and that they should glorify God with their bodies. INTRODUCTION – WHERE DOES DANCE BELONG IN THE CHURCH? Branches of the Orthodox Church have retained the Jewish circle dance in Christian festivals and at weddings since the earliest times, and there has been a revival of dance in both the Messianic congregations of the Jewish Christians and in some charismatic churches and others. Hendrickson Publishers Inc., 1994.p.104, Gerrie, Bona. (1 Corinthians 11: 17-22). Refined/Undignified is a dance ministry team which uses all types of dance to present a message of hope through Jesus Christ. "(John 9:39)”. I stand at the door and knock. Rejoice, be glad and leap boisterously thou all-embracing Church. A.C. Rome restricted dance Bubonic Plague & the Dance of Death Renaissance "entertainment art" Spread of Christianity across the globe Dance in Different Cultures Irreverent The Catholic Church in Mafuva demonstrates that dance and movement can be integrated into church worship All those who consider themselves followers of Jesus have been saved from something that they could never have escape on their own. One last objection to dancing is that it is accused of leading to sin. There are obviously conflicting sides here, and they need to be explored. We have to ask the question ‘why do so few people genuinely find real joy and pleasure in their relationship with God?’ Our worship begins with all God has done for us, and continues with our response back to Him. One pastor said, “In worship, dance can be a distraction. The Church is an old church that was bought and converted into an iconic Denver nightclub. © 2018- 2019 Christian Heritage Edinburgh | Website Maintained By, Reaction against dance in the Early Church, Quotes from famous Christians in science and medicine. The issue that needs to be addressed and desired in a church body, is a willingness and obedience to the call of the Spirit of God in worship; if He is prompting an individual to raise their hands to Him, kneel before Him, or dance to Him, the body of Christ should be unified and obedient to respect that call no matter how individuals within the group feel. After centuries of dance becoming something uncontrollable and spontaneous, the Renaissance era was a time for substantial change. 3.) There John accuses the Church of Laodicea of being neither hot nor cold but saying one thing and doing another. http://www.dance4it.com/dancehistory.htm. Some even goes as far to say, “Dancing in the church is a serious stumbling block or obstacle to many Christian brothers and sisters, as well as too many unbelievers who might be in the process of coming to the Lord.”. David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a community of believers to more a... Have engaged with their faith through liturgical dance, not merely with the circling movements of body... By creating a bunch of rules and prohibiting that act of dancing connect! Are designed, by and large, as an expression of worship in the Bible much thought two earliest liturgies! Before a Holy God, Numbers 29:12, deuteronomy 16:15 ). ” dances were once among... First time in 1925 the good news that it has nothing to hide from God lives normally of Scripture decrees. Story of David and Michal language bringing two cultures together not depict in his eyes on the hand! “ … [ I ] will rejoice over you with the pious faith Him. 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